Tirupati Balaji Temple is Most Precious holy sacred place in chittoor district in and around places, There is lot significant temples related TTD Managed temples and other temples let get to know some other few temples around there.
The Nilakanthesvara Temple, Laddigam :
Laddigam is a small village about five Kms, to the north-west of Punganur in the Chittoor District. It was included in the Punganur Zamindari which is called Kunganur alias Valavanarayana Chaturvedi Mangalam in the inscriptions.
From the inscriptions found in the temple, we may infer that the region was under the control of Chola-Gangas of the Irugola race, the Chola feudatories (551 of 1906). One inscription found in the temple refers to a gift of a village to this temple made by Adavalan Gangikonda Chola alias Irugolan. Another inscription of the South wall of the shrine refers to a gift to the temple by Uttamachola Ganga alias Senbagachipati-Nayanar (549 of 1906). Laddigam is named after this Chola Ganga ruler as Uttama Cholapuram (548 of 1906). According to B.R.Venkataraman “though it is not definitely stated that he was builder of thes stone temple, it is very probable that he was the real builder” B.R. Venkatraman – Laddigam, 1971.
All the inscription found in this temple refer to the temple as Irungolisvara. From this it may be inferred that the temple was built during the time of Irungolakkan alias Ganavan Aparajitan, Chola feudatory under Parantaka – I (907 – 953 A.D.). Prior to submitting to Chola hegemony he was also a subordinate of the Pallavas (TTD Epi Glossary Vol. I Sec III No.6). Uttamachola alias Sembagachcchipati Nayanars inscription (549 of 1906) does not refer to him as Irungola but mentions the temple of Irumgolisvara. Hence it is probable that he was not the real builder of the temple, as mentioned by B.R.Venkataraman.
Douglas Barrett has argued that the earliest inscription found in the shrine (553 of 1906) is of year 16 of Rajakesari Kulottungachola deva ( A. D. 1086: Therefore he concludes that temple was then built in or just before A.D. 1086. J.C. Harle says that the gopura of the Temple represents the typical gopira of the early Chola period. The Temple must have been built during the rule of Irungolakkan alias Ganavan Aparajitan, Chola feudatory under parantaka – 1(907 – 953). Ganavan Aparajitan was a feudatory of the last pallava ruler Aparajita ( 896 – 898).
The Temple is enclosed by a stone prakara wall, with nandi at the four coners. It has a porch, mukhamandapa, antarala and garbhagriha. The main shrine faces east. The entrance to this temple is from the east through a low gateway. “This simple single storeyed ston gopuram resembles the elementary type of gopuram erected in front of the shore temple at Mamallapuram and in the Kailasanatha temple at Kanchi of A.D. “A single modest gopura was part of the temple plan even from the pallava times. The main shrine has five niches on the outer walls housing the images of Brahma, standing Vishnu in the four cardinal directions of the gala.
Pundisvara Temple, Mugavadi :
Mugavadi is a small village 10 kms. South – west of Punganur and cover a distance of two kms. By walk. Inscriptions, found in the Pundisvaraswami temple, give the following information. An inscription, dated in the 3rd regnal year of the Chola king, Parakesarivarman alias Udaiyar Sri Adhirajendra-deva(1069 – 1070 A.D),record a gift of land. The village Mukkaivadi (Mugavadi) is situated in pulinadu, a subdivision of Perumbanappadi in paduvur kottam, a district of jayankonda Cholaman-dalam (573 0f 1906). Another inscription, which is fragmentary, belongs to parakesari Rajendra, whose regnal year is lost (574 of 1906).
The main shrine in the Pundisvara Temple contains the garbhagriha, antarala, mukha mandapa and a pillared verandah which is a new addintion. To the north of the garbhagriha, near the gargoyle is a small shrine for Chandikesa. The garbhagriha is a square structure. The outer surface of the wall portion of the garbhagriha contains only the pilasters. The griva of the vimana contains devakoshtas on four sides. The northern devakoshtas houses Brahma with three heads seated. The western devakoshta contains seated Vishnu. The southern devakoshta contains a seated image of Siva. The griva and sikhara ae four sided.
Chandramoulisvara Temple, Yetavakili:
Yetavakili is small village, about 8 kms. North east of punganur in the Chittoor district. The place can reached by a good mortorable road from Punganur, the Chandramaulisvara temple (also known as Irungolisvaram Udaiya Mahadevar) was built by a Vellala ar Ettavayakkal(the ancient name of this place) in Pulinadu, a sub-division of perumbanappadi, included in Jayankondasolamandalam (575 of 1906). The name Vellala may be isentified as vaidumbas. He obviously set up the deity in the name of his local overlord VaidumbaIrunga – II who was the contemporary of Rajendra – I. Another Inscription, dated in the 29th regnal year of the Chola king Rajaraja Choladeva mentions that the temple is called Irugisvaram Udaiya nayanar at Ettarvakkal in vadapulinadu, a subdivision of Perumbanappadi in Hayankonda chola mandal. It also refers to the renovation od this temple out of the funds collected from the public by Selvaganga, descendant of Kumbha gamundan who formerly constructed this temple 576 of 1906. The temple contains sanctum, antarala, and mukhamandapa. The outer walls of the mukham andapa contain pilast snctumis a square structure, measuring about 10 feet each side. The walls of the sanctum are adorned with pilasters. It is an ekatala stone temple. The griva of the vimana contains devakoshtas on all sides housing deity sculptures – Kumara on the eastern side, Dakshinamurti on the southern side, on the west seated Vishnu and on the north seated Brahma. The griva and sikhara four sided. There are some fine Saptamatrika images in this temple.
The Somesvara Temple, Punganur – Punganur is a village (the taluk headquarters of that name) in the Chittoor district. The Somesvara temple is located in the palace area of the local Jamindar.
There are five Chola inscriptions in this temple. The first one is dated in the 15th year of Rajakesarivarman who destroyed ships at Kandalur (Raja Raja – 1985 – 1014). The third is also dated in the 11th year of Raja Raja kesari varman who destroyedships at Kandalur (Raja Raja I). (11 of 1940 – 41). The fourth one is without the name of any king 10 of1940 – 41. The fifth inscription isdated in the 16th year of Tribhuvana Kulittunga chola (Kulottunanga – III – 1178 – 1216 (7 of 1940 – 41 ).
The temple of somesvara may be ascribed to the period Aditya II or Parthivendra karikala (956 – 969 A.D). The entrance to the courtyard of this tempe is through the eastern gopura. The main shrine has an open pillared mandapa, mukhamandapa is common to the Devi shrine also which is located to the north of the main shrine. The niches on the walls of the main shrine contain the images of asina Ganapati, sthanaka Vishnu, Dakshinamurti, Sthanaka Brahma, and Durga. The vimana above the sanctums an ekatala vimana and has vimanadevatas like Dakshinamurti, Vishnu, Brahma and Siva. The griva and sikhara are circular.
Agestyesvaram temple, Agastya – konda Hill This temple is situated in an uninhabited area on the summit of the Agastyesvara hill, to the east of Punganur. An inscription dated in the 14th regnal year of Virarajendra, refers to the installation of an image of Tirunavukkarusudeva by seyya Nambirattiyar, a queen of Selvaganga ( 559 of 1906). The name Vira Rajendra is a title of Kulottunga – III. The date of the inscription will therefore be 1191 – 92 A.D. Another inscription found in the temple,dated Saka 1251 belongs to the reign of Selva-Ganga, son of Uttama chola Ganga padumideva ( 561 of 1906). An inscription, dated in S. 1298 ( A.D.1376) records the gift of lamps, cows, vessels and land to the temple (558 of 1906). The temple consists of the garbhagriha,antarala and mukhamandapa. The wall portion of the garbhagriha is decorated with Chola type pilasters. There are devakoshtas in the north, west and southern sides of the sanctum which house deity images. The western devakoshta houses Vishnu. The northern devakoshta houses Brahma. The side walls of the antarala have each a devakoshta. The southern devakoshta houses an image of seated Ganapati while the northern one houses Durga. The vimana above the garbhagriha is an ekataka vimana with a four sided griva and sikhara.
The Parasaresvara Temple, Jogimallavaram :
Jogimallavaram is small village near Tiruchanur in the Chittoor district. This village was once part of the village Tiruchanur, formerly known as Tiruchanur,Tiruchhoginur and Sri Sukagrama. The village seems to have been named Tiruchhoginur on account of the well known yogi, Sri Suka. The village contains a fine Chola temple, dedicated to parasaresvara. There are twelve inscription in this temple. The earliest of them is deted in the 23rd year of the reign of the Cho;a king, Raja raja – I ,corresponding to 1008 A.D. Obviously, the temple was well known by the beginning of the eleventh century. Chola conquered the Tirupati region towards the end of the ninth Century. This temple, may therefore be assigned to about the middle of the 10th Century.
The shrine has a roofed enclosure with one enterance in the south containing the main shrine, a pradakshina, the Devi shrine and the mukhamandapa. There is a small nandi mandapa outside. The main shrine is a square ( samachaturasra) structure and has a pradakshina on the south, west and northern sides. The walls of the garbhagriha and antarala contain on their outer side chola type pilasters. Between the pilasters on the three sides of the garbhagriha are Chola type koshtas or niches with deity figures and surmounted by semicircular torana without scroll work. The niche on the south wall of the sanctum carries the stone image of Dakshinamurti, the one in the back wall (west wall) contains a standing image of Vishnu while the niche on the north wall of the sanctum contains the image of Brahma standing. There is a low vimana above the sanctum. The absence of even a single tala of the kuta, panjara, sala series is a notewirthy feature. The grive and sikhara are circular. The Devi shrine has an oblong or ayatasra sikhara.
The sikhara of this temple resembles to a certain extent, the sikhara of the Varadaraja perumal temple at Vavilitota in the Chittoor taluk. At both the places, the grieve is circular and the sikhara is conical resembling an inverted basket.
The Manikantisvara temple, Srikalahasti :
Srikalahasti is the headquarters of a taluk of that name in the Chittoor district. Besides the Srikalahastisvara temple, there is another Siva temple here called the Manikantisvara temple. The temple is surrounded by an enclisure and it can be entered through the northern gopura gateway. The main shrine consists of the garbhagriha, two antaralas, and mukhamandapa. The walls of the shrine are decorated with pilasters, sala-koshtas, perforated windows, niches sumounted by makaratornamas and pilasters surmonted by makaratoranas . the makaratorana above the pilaster is semicircular with the plume descending to the sides. The vimana above the sanctum is of the ekatala type with the series – kuta, panjara,sala,panjara and kuta. The grive and sikhara are circular. There are four round pillars with Chola corbels inside the mandapa. The sala – koshta in the back wall of the garbhagriha contains the figure of Lingodbhavamurti, while the one in the south wall contains Dakshinamurti. The sala – koshta in the north wall of the sanctum houses the figure of Brahma. The sala – koshta in the north wall of the antarala contains the image of Mahishamardini.
According to one historain, the center shrine of the temple was a brick structure and it existed before the 24 the year of the reign of Raja Raja I i.e., 1008 – 1009 A.D. It was built in stone (karrali) in 1188 – 89 A.D., in the reign of Vera Rajendra Chola(i.e., Kulottunga III)
The Agastyesvara Temple, Vavilitota :
Vavilitota is village, nine kms. To the north of Chittoor. There is a motorable road to vegetation and is in a dilapidated condition. The main temple consists of the garbhgriha, which is square on plan, antarala and mukhamandapa. To the north od the mukhamandapa there is a shrine for Chandikesa. The exterior wall portion of the garbhgriha is decorated with Chola pilasters. The absence of devakoshtas on walls is a conspicuous feature of this temple. The vimana consists of a single story on which four nandis are placed at the four corners. The griva contains four big gables housing deity figures. The griva and sikhara are four sided conforming to the Nagara order. There are some similarities between this temple and the Irugisvara temple at Yetavakili. In regard to the square plan, the square vimana , the absence of niches on the walls, gables in the griva, with nandis at the corners, both the temples are almost similar to each other. The inscription mentioned above is helpful in determining the approximate date of the temple
Tags: Agastyesvara Temple, Chandramoulisvara temple, Chittoor District, Manikantisvara temple, Nilakanthesvara Temple, Parasaresvara temple, Pundisvara Temple, Tirupati Balaji Temple