Angkorwat is a wonder on earth showing the caliber of supremacy of Hindu knowledge in terms of architectural science combining together with cosmology, astrology, numerology, and historical events of India religion. Located in Northwestern Cambodia, Angkor, the Capital of the ancient Khmer Empire was possibly founded around the 9th Century A.D. by king Jayavaram 2. However, the city reached its peak glory in the 12th century under kings Suryavarma 2 and jayavarman 7.The most beautiful and most famous monument in the city, Angkor wat, lies about one kilometer south of the Royal town of Angkor Thom which was founded by Jayavaraman 7.
The Temple of Angkor wat was dedicated to the Hindu God Vishnu by king Suryavarman2, who reigned between AD 1131 and 1150. The temple consists of five towers and is believed to represent the five peaks of Mount Meru, the home of Gods and center of the Hindu Universe. Angkor wat features the longest continuous bas-relief in the world, which runs along the outer gallery walls, narrating stories from Hindu Mythology. The Dashavataram was carved on the walls of Angkorwat.
The ten incarnations of lord Vishnu is a Hindu theological concept in Puranic history. Lord Vishnu exists as the creator and also within every being as our soul, our Supreme. He also enters or descend to our world in the form of Avataar whenever his presence is needed-Avataar is described by Lord Krishna – whenever there is a decline of righteousness, and a rise of irreligious, I incarnate myself. To protect the good, to destroy the wicked, and to re-establish religious principles, I appear in every age – (Bhagavad Gita). The Ten Avataars or Dasha Avataar of Vishnu are important and very interesting as you can see that he incarnates progressively from fish to human form.
1. Matsya Avataar – The Fish
2. Kurma Avataar – The Tortoise
3. Varaha Avataar – The Boar
4. Narasimha Avataar – The Man-Lion
5. Vamana Avataar – The Dwarf
6. Parashurama Avataar – The Warrior
7. Shri Ram Avaatar – The King
8. Shri Krishna Avataar – The Cowherd
9. Buddha Avataar – The Teacher
10. Kalki Avataar – The Slayer
The statue of Lord Vishnu would have been sculpted with royal jewelers and clothing according to Khmer tradition.
The temple is considered in the image of Cosmic Purusha, on whose body is displayed all creation in its materiality and movement. Paradoxically, the space of the Purusha is (Rig-Veda 10.90), in the sanctuary only ten angers wide, although he pervades the earth. The temple construction begins with the Vastupurusha mandala, which is mostly divided into 64(8/8) or 81(9/9) squares, which are the seats of 45 divinities.
Angkor Wat is the supreme masterpiece of Khmer art. The description of the temple fall far short of communicating its great size, the perfect proportions, and the astoundingly beautiful sculpture that everywhere presents itself to the viewer. Its architecture is majestic and its representation of form and movement from Indian mythology has astonishing grace and power. The inner galleries of the temple have depiction of the battle of Kurukshetra, procession of King Suryavarma and his ministers, scenes from heavens and hells, churning of the sea of milk, the battle of Vishnu and the asuras, victory of Krishna over Bana, battle of the Devas and Asuras, Ravana shaking Kailasa with Siva and Parvati atop, and the battle of Lanka between Rama and Ravana. These and others scenes are drawn with great artistic beauty. No wonder, the temple ranks amongst the greatest creations of human imagination. As an aside, it should be mentioned that some European scholars tended to date Angkor Wat as being after the 14th century. The Hindu temple, as a conception of the astronomical frame of the universe, serves the same purpose as the Vedic altar, which reconciled the motions of the sun and the moon. Lord Vishnu carries a very powerful golden chakra called Sudarshan Chakra with enormous killing power and emanating golden rays in his first finger. This is why perhaps it is more aimed on solar correlations as compared to lunar. This indicates the relation of Lord Vishnu and sun God. This represents how Hinduism has deepened its roots in Angkorwat.
Everyone must see this at least once in a life. The prominence of the Hindu God and Lord Vishnu (Dasavatharam) entered into Cambodia-Khmer Angkorwat in the early ages of ancient Asian history. An extremely spectacular and stunning showcase of ancient knowledge and carvings of the great epic events of the Ramayana and Mahabharata challenging the latest technology today.
Tags: dasavatharam, lord vishnu, ten incarnations